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What is LCD?

LCD stands for Liquid crystal display which is used to display information electronically like text, images, and pictures.

It consists of rod shape tiny molecules sandwiched between a piece of glass and an opaque substrate.

When the electric current pass through the  solution then the crystal  act as a shutter to allow or block the incident light to pass through it.

LCD is used in many applications like Television, Gaming devices, computer, etc.

 

Pin No

Pin Name

Description

1

Vss (Ground)

Ground pin connected to system ground

2

Vdd (+5 Volt)

Powers the LCD with +5V (4.7V – 5.3V)

3

VE (Contrast V)

Decides the contrast level of display. Grounded to get maximum contrast.

4

Register Select

Connected to Micro-controller to shift between command/data register

5

Read/Write

Used to read or write data. Normally grounded to write data to LCD

6

Enable

Connected to Microcontroller Pin and toggled between 1 and 0 for data acknowledgement

7

Data Pin 0

 

 

Data pins 0 to 7 forms a 8-bit data line. They can be connected to Microcontroller to send 8-bit data.

These LCD’s can also operate on 4-bit mode in such case Data pin 4,5,6 and 7 will be left free.

8

Data Pin 1

9

Data Pin 2

10

Data Pin 3

11

Data Pin 4

12

Data Pin 5

13

Data Pin 6

14

Data Pin 7

15

LED Positive

Back-light LED pin positive terminal

16

LED Negative

Backlight LED pin negative terminal